Primary Sources
Miller, Joaquin. Life Amongst the Modocs: Unwritten History. 1873. London: Richard Bentley & Son. 400 pages. [AAS has a first edition] [WC] [MCK] [PMC] [BAN] [RCL] [OHS] [HUN] [Microfilm (370:3634) on file at UOL] [A novel by which Joaquin Miller is more identified in 2004 than he is for his poetry.] [MGK]
-----. [Also reprinted and/or later published as]:
Unwritten History: Life Amongst the Modocs, Hartford, 1874 [MGK] [MCK]
Unwritten History: Life Amongst the Modocs, Hartford, 1874] [HUN] [WC] [MCK] [MGK] [1875 Edition “sold by subscription only” [WC] [MCK]
Unwritten History: Life Amongst the Modocs. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Gregg Press, 1968. [Reprint of 1874 edition] 445 pp. [WC] [MCK]
Unwritten History: Life Amongst the Modocs. (Eugene, Oregon): Orion Press, 1972. [1873] 400 pp. [WC] [MCK]
Unwritten History: Life Amongst the Modocs. (Eugene, Oregon and Santa Barbara, California): Urion Press, 1982 [1873] 400 pp. [WC] [MCK]
Unwritten History: Life Amongst the Modocs. Introduction by Malcolm Margolin. Afterword by Alan Rosenus. Berkeley: Urion Press, 1996. [1873] [WC] [MCK]
[See also 1859, 1874, 1875, 1890, 1898, 1972, 1975, 1982, 1984, 1987.] [MGK]
Chez Les Peaux-Rouges: Scenes de la Vie des Mineurs et des Indiens de Californie. [Paris?], 1879. 488 pp. [WC] [MCK]
Paquita, the Indian Heroine, Hartford, 1881 [MGK] [WC] [MCK]
Paquita, The Indian Heroine; A True Story…Presenting Graphic Pictures of Indian Home Life in Peace and War: As Beheld by the Author During His Residence of Four Years Among the Red Men. Hartford: American Publishing Company, 1881. 445 pp. [WC] [MCK]
Joaquin Miller's Romantic Life Among the Red Indians, London, 1890. [HUN] [MGK]
Joaquin Miller's Romantic Life Among the Red Indian: An Autobiography. London: Saxon & Company, 1890, 1898. 253 pp. [WC] [MCK]
My Own Story, Chicago: Belford-Clarke Company, 1890. 253 pp. [MGK] [WC] Revised from Life Amongst the Modocs: Unwritten History (1st Edition, London, 1873) [WC] [MCK]
My Own Story, Chicago, 1892; Joaquin Miller's Romantic Life Among the Red Indians, London, 1898. Reprinted in 1972, 1982, 1987. [HON has a Xerox copy of the first edition.] [BAL (6:185) notes that the first American edition was released in 1874.] [BAL also notes that two different bindings were released in London by Bentley and Son.] [BAL 6:185 says, "This work went into an undetermined number of printings."] {M:RCL agrees with all this except that he says My Own Story was pub'd in 1890, not 1892.??}
My Life Among the Indians. The Midland Series. Chicago: Morrill, Higgins & Co., 1892. 253 pp. [WC] [MCK]
Life Amongst the Modocs, Chicago, 1892 [HUN] [MGK]
Life Amongst the Modocs: Unwritten History. Edited and Introduction by Alan Rosenus. Afterword by William Everson. San Jose, California: Urion Press, 1987. [1873] 407 pp. [WC] [MCK]
-----. [Cincinnatus Heine Miller]. SONGS OF THE SIERRAS. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1873. 8vo, (6), 299, (4, ads)pp. Gilt stamped blue cloth, minor wear to spine ends and corners. Very good.? Hinckel only mentions the New York 1871 edition. [MGK]
-----. Songs of the Sunlands. England: Chiswick Press. 1873. [PMC] [RCL][Bland says The Isles of the Amazons. Was first published in Songs of the Sunlands to call attention to the wealth of Amazonian Brazil. Bland maintains that Don Pedro, Emperor of Brazil had the book translated into Spanish. (Bland Overland Monthly 75.2 (February 1920): 102.)] [MGK]
-----. Songs of the Sunlands. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer.1873. 243 pages. [UOL] [AAS has a first edition and gives the title as Songs of the Sun-Lands.] [OAK has a copy and gives the title as Songs of the Sun-lands.] [HON has a first edition with extracts from reviews of Songs of the Sierras at end as well as a large paper issue of this edition.] [BAL (6:184) notes that the London and Boston editions vary textually.] [MGK]
-----. Songs of the Sun-lands. Boston: Roberts Bros. 1873. 212 pages. [USC] [MES] [HUN] [Middlebury College. MCK] [AAS has a first edition.] [UOL has two copies on file.] [OAK has a copy and gives the title as Songs of the Sun-Lands.] [HON has a manuscript letter, signed by Miller, laid in. The signature of Eugene Field is on the front fly-leaf of their copy.] [MGK]
-----. To The Rossettis. Boston: Roberts Bros.1873. [PMC] [MGK]
-----. In A Hand-Book of English Literature. Intended for the Use of High Schools. 1873. By Francis H. Underwood, A.M. American Authors Boston: Lee and Shepard; New York: Lee, Shepard and Dillingham. [BAL (6:211).] [MGK]
-----. Olive Leaves. The Independent 25, 1257 (2 January 1873): 5. [Cornell University Library microfilm of The Independent became no longer available by inter-library
loan halfway through this project.] [MGK]
-----. Oregon. The Independent 25.1261 (30 January 1873): 130. [MGK]
-----. Lo! The Savage. The Independent 25.1265 (27 February 1873): 258 [HON] [MGK]
-----. El Vaquero, Overland Monthly 10.3 (March 1873): 279. [OAK] [HON] [GRA]
[CAL] [SPL] [MOA] [MCK] [Miller was fond of a poem El Vaquero written by Lucius Harwood Foote. He probably also read Foote’s Poetry, On the Heights, Don Juan, and The Derelict.] [MGK]
-----. Exodus A.D. 1849. Appleton's Journal 9.206 (1 March 1873): 303-304 [MOA] [MCK][HON] [MGK]
-----. St. Paul's. San Francsico Daily Alta California 25.8403 (31 March 1873): 4:1. [HON] [CAL] [MGK]
-----. St. Paul’s. The Galaxy 15.4 (April 1873): 548 [MOA] [MCK]
-----. Before Westminster” Old and New. (April 1873) [HON] [MGK]
-----. Sierras. Overland Monthly 10.4 (April 1873): 382. [OAK] [HON] [MOA] [MCK] [CAL] [SPL] [MGK]
-----. In Palestine The Independent 25.1271 (10 April 1873): 449. [HON] [MGK]
-----. Shadows of Shasta. Overland Monthly 10.5 (May 1873): 467 [OAK] [HON] [CAL] [SPL] [ [MOA] [MCK] [A three stanza poem that was the precursor of the 1881 book Shadows of Shasta.] [MGK]
-----. A Picture. Overland Monthly 10.6 (June 1873): 513 [OAK] [HON] [CAL] [SPL] [HGT] [MOA] [MCK]
-----. “By the Northland Lakes.” Overland Monthly 11.1 (July 1873): 75-90. [MGK] [MOA says 75-90] [MCK] [OAK] [HON] [CAL] [SPL]
-----. “The End of a Leather Nose.” The Independent 25.1283 (3 July 1873): 833-834. [HON] [MGK]
-----. “A Tale of the California Mines.” Tulare County Times (19 July 1873): 1:5 [CAL] [MGK]
-----. The Right to Fight. Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly (August 1873) [HON] [MGK]
-----. “Overland Nuggets.” (2 August 1873) [CAL: Juanita Miller's Sutro Library list.] [MGK]
-----. “Joaquin Miller: Creation According to the Modocs.” New York Times (16 August 1873): 3:1 [MGK]
-----. A Memory of Santa Barbara. San Francisco Daily Alta California (17 October 1873): 4:1 [HON] [CAL] [MGK]
-----. “Geneva [Switzerland] and [Castle of] Chillon.” Overland Monthly 11.6 (December 1873): 493-497 [OAK] [HON] [CAL] [SPL] [“Pretty fine copy of the Sierra” (p. 493).] [MGK]

Secondary Sources
Beadle, J. H. The Undeveloped West; or, Five Years in the Territories; Being a Complete
History of that Vast Region Between the Mississippi and the Pacific, its Resources, Climate, Inhabitants, Natural Curiosities, etc., etc. Life and Adventure on Prairies, Mountains, and the Pacific Coast. With Two Hundred and Forty Illustrations, from Original Sketches and Photographic Views of the Scenery . . . of the Great West. Philadelphia, Chicago, etc.: National Publishing Company, [1873]. 823pp. 27, 32, 290, 741. [MOA] [Multnomah Co. Library] [MCK]
-----. Philadelphia and Chicago: National Publishing Company, 1873. 823pp. [WC] [MCK] [DF pp. 750-753]
-----. The Undeveloped West; or, Five Years in the Territories. New York: Arno
Press, 1973. [1873] 823pp. [WC] [MCK]
Brown, C.S. “An Hour with Joaquin Miller.” Southern Magazine 5, 1873: 194. [PMC] [RCL] [Possibly a reprint of October 17, 1872, Sun article.] [MGK] [“Unlocateable. Cited in Marberry, 1953” [RCL] [MAR] [PET] [MCK]
Hiller, Walking [Joseph Ross]. Songs of the Sand Hills. 1873. San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft and Company. [BAL (6:216) notes that this work is, “A burlesque. Sometimes misattributed to Miller. Written by Joseph Ross.”]
“Our Letter Bag.” Ladies’ Repository 11.1(January 1873): 73. [MOA] [MCK]
Anonymous. In “Brevities.” Alta 25.8336 (23 January 1873): 1 :2. [CAL] “Mrs. Minnie Myrtle Miller has proved a failure in the East. The people there, as a general thing, had never heard of Joaquin Miller, and didn’t care what his wife had to say about him. She may do better in New York.” [MGK]
“Joaquin Miller.” Shasta Courier (25 January 1873) [Article about Miller coming to Shasta County “to obtain his half-breed daughter, Carrie in 1872...”] [MGK]
Dent, John C. “America and her Literature.” Temple Bar 37 (February 1873): 396-406. [RCL] [MGK]
“Compares in some detail Whitman, Twain, Miller, and Harte as examples of the new literary independence of American writers. Has high praise for Whitman, and states that Miller is almost as unconventional as Whitman, though by no means as strong. There is uncouth bombast in Miller, but also dramatic power.” [MCK]
“Joaquin Miller’s Crime.” Evening Post (Hartford) (4 February 1873): 1. [Salamo and
Smith, 1997] [MCK]
Anonymous. San Francisco News-Letter and California Advertiser (22 March 1873) [MGK]
Review of Songs of the Sun-Lands [sic]. The Athenaeum 2374 (26 April 1873): 529-530. [RCL] [MGK]
“Miller’s new work is similar to his Songs of the Sierras, with the same faults and the same excellences. However, the work indicates that he has profited by the advice of friends and critics. He will earn his highest honors not as lyric poet, but as a descriptive poet with a deep sympathy for nature” [RCL 24] [MCK]
“Mr. Joking Miller.” San Francisco News-Letter and California Advertiser (3 May 1873): 8 [FST] [MCK] [MGK]
From Our Own Correspondent, Eugene City, Oregon. “Joaquin Miller: The Poet of the Sierras under the Shadows of Shasta—His Life Among the Modocs.” New York Times (7 May 1873): 5:1. [A visit to Joaquin Miller and his Indian Bride 1857/58.] [Miller was back in London in May 1873, but he had paid a visit to his parents who lived in Eugene, OR. in 1872] [MGK] [MCK] [NYT online]
Anonymous. Review of Songs of the Sun-lands [sic]. The Spectator 46 (14 June 1873): 768-769. [RCL] [BSL]
“A disappointing sequel to Songs of the Sierras. Miller now seems to be imitating Swinburne and Rossetti. However, if his verse has not lost the faults of the original volume, it has still retained some of the merits - keen sympathy with nature and man, fresh and genuine imagination, and a free and rapid vision” [RCL 25] [MCK]
San Francisco News-Letter and California Advertiser (28 June 1873) [MGK]
Review of Songs of the Sunlands. Westminster Review. n.s. 44 (July 18173): 263-264 [MGK] [RCL]
“Joaquim [sic] Miller’s new work has lost something of boldness and originality, but has gained a certain polish. However, Miller must beware; we prefer backwoods roughness to drawingroom conventionalities, his ‘native reed-pipe to any guitar’” [RCL 25] [MCK]
Colburn, Henry [Editor]. “Joaquin Miller’s Poetry.” Review of Songs of the Sunlands
“Review of Songs of the Sierras and Songs of the Sunlands, with extensive quotations. ‘Joaquin Miller is the most remarkable poet that America has yet produced.’ He must be careful not to yield to the modern influences on poetry, but must remain true to the wild scenes and traditions of his native land.’” [RCL 23]
Mulford, Prentice. “Justifiable Fiction.” Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine 11.1 (July 1873): 39-42. [41 tells of his association with Joaquin Miller but does not divulge that they are the best of friends and sharing the same lodging.] [MGK] [MOA] [MCK]
“American Authorship.” The Princeton Review 2.7 (July 1873): 539-540 [MCK]
Oregonian (27 July 1873) [JM’s New Book, 4:1] [MCK]
Review of Life Among [sic] the Modocs. The Examiner 3418 (2 August 1873): 785-786. [RCL] [BSL] [MGK]
“Laudatory Review, emphasizing Miller’s sympathetic treatment of the Indians and criticism of the American government” [RCL 24] [MCK]
“Sayings and Doings Abroad.” Appleton’s 10.228 (2 August 1873): 159 [MOA] [MCK]
Review of Life Among [sic] the Modocs. The Athenaeum 2389 (9 August 1873): 168. [RCL] [MGK]
“’A monstrously dull volume.’ It is a ‘got-up’ book, in which the title suggests a subject which is not the subject of the book, since it is about the Shasta Indians, not the Modocs” [RCL 23] [MCK]
Review of Life Amongst the Modocs. The Spectator and Illustrated London News 46 (9 August 1873): 1016-1017. [RCL] [MGK]
“As a literary work, this is superior to Miller’s poetry. Admires Miller’s attitude toward the Indians and his attempts to assist the tribes near Mt. Shasta. ‘. . . [R]ich, picturesque delineations of character, incident, and scenery . . . .’” [RCL 24] [MCK]
Symonds, J.A. Review in The Academy 4 (15 August 1873): 301-302 of From Sea to Sea, In the Indian Summer and The Tales of the Amazons in The Songs of the Sunlands. [MGK] [RCL] [PET]
“This volume does not live up to the promise of Miller’s Songs of the Sierras. Though a few of the lyrics retain something of the vigor and power of his earlier nature poems, he has succumbed to imitation of Byron in subject matter and of Swinburne in versification” [RCL 25] [MCK]
Review of By the Sun-Down Seas that appeared in Complete Poetical Works. The Academy 4 (15 August 1873): 302 [MGK]
Review of Olive Leaves in Complete Poetical Works. The Academy 4 (15 August 1873): 302.
Review of Life Among [sic] the Modocs. The Times (London) (15 August 1873): 7 [MGK]
“Detailed résumé of the book. Concludes that Miller has many strange ideas and wild fancies in this work, but there is much pleasant reading in it. However, his attitude toward the ‘savages’ is too sympathetic” [RCL 24] [MCK]
“The Creation: According to the Modocs.” New York Times. (16August 1873) [MGK]
Author summarizes Joaquin’s version of the Modoc creation myth and
quotes from Life Among [sic] the Modocs [NYT online] [MCK]
“Literary Notes.” Appleton’s 10.233(6 September 1873): 316-317. [MOA] [MCK]
Review of Life Among [sic] the Modocs. Vanity Fair 12 (13 September 1873): 92. [RCL] [BSL says “Books to Read and Others.” review of Life Among [sic] the Modocs, Vanity Fair, 13 September 1873, p. 92.] [MGK]
“’A curious book, written by a very child of Nature.’ Laudatory Review: very pleasant reading, original writing, descriptions full of freshness” [RCL 24] [MCK]
“The Record.” Appleton’s 10.236 (27 September 1873): 416. [MOA] [MCK]
“The Athenauem administers the following sharp rap to Mr. Joaquin Miller in its last number: ‘We have been unfortunate enough to incur the displeasure of Mr. Joaquin Miller. Our Reviewer, having said that his new book was a dull romance, Mr. Miller, who thinks otherwise, writes to us that he wishes “to tell him to his teeth that he is a liar, a coward, and a cur.” Mr. Miller states that he has written without consultation with his publisher. We think that a gentleman of the high reputation of his publisher, will be shocked when he hears how sadly wanting Mr. Miller is in the courtesies of life and the advantage of education’”
Review of Songs of the Sunlands. The Lakeside Monthly: F.F. Brown & Co., Chicago. 10 (November 1873): 416-418 [MGK] [PMC] [RCL]
“This volume vastly surpasses his previous work, but we wish he would leave England and return to the Sierras. He must avoid the temptation of imitation” [RCL 24] [MCK]
“Sale of a Poet’s Home.” Shasta Courier. (8 November 1873) [Sale of Shasta Jail at public auction.] [MGK]
“Joaquin Miller: The English Nobility Pleased With Him.” Corr. Cincinnati Commercial. Bellingham Bay Mail (November 15, 1873): ? [Mentions Mr. Gladstone, Lord Houghton, Hawarden Castle, and Fryeton Hall as well as the unamed daughter of a baronet.]
“Literary Notes.” Appleton’s 10.244 (22 November 1873): 669. [MOA] [MCK]

Letters and Archival Papers
Miller, Joaquin. Letter to [Charles Warren Stoddard]. _______. 2 p. Incomplete, beginning of letter lacking. [Huntington Library, U.6 B10 L.F., HM 11280.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Cha[rle]s W[arren] Stoddard from London. ____. 1 p. Written on calling card, with envelope. [Huntington Library, U.6 B10 L.F., HM 11254.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to [Charles Francis] Richardson from 80 Fleet St, London. _______. 2 p. [Huntington Library, U.6 B10 L.F., HM 11255.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to [Charles Warren Stoddard] from Rome, Italy. _______. 2 p. [Addressed: Dear Charley.] [Huntington Library, U.6 B10 L.F., HM 11256.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to [William] Hayes Ward from 80 Fleet St., London.(3 January 1873): 2 p. [Huntington Library, U.6 B10 L.F., HM 11251.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Charles Warren Stoddard from 80 Fleet St., London. (24 M[arch or May] 1873): 2 p. [Huntington Library, U.6 B10 L.F., HM 11260.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Samuel L. Clemens from London. (11 June 1873) [UCCL] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Samuel L. Clemens from London. (4 July 1873) [UCLC] 1876 List #3 [BAN holds the original letter.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Frederick Locker from London. (4 July 1873) [UCLC] List #31875 UK2 [BAN] [ESR holds the original letter.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Samuel L. Clemens from London. (5 July 1873) [UCCL] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Frederick Locker from London. (5 July 1873) [UCLC] List #3 1877 UK2 [BAN] [ESR holds the original letter.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Frederick Locker from London. (6 July 1873) [UCLC] List #31878 UK2 [BAN] [ESR holds the original letter.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to James H. Miller from London. (12 July 1873): 3 p. [University of Oregon] [LHM] [In Wagner 1929:70] [MGK]
-----. Letter to [John H.] Carmany from London (7 September 1873). [HON has in Romantic Life Amongst the Red Indians (PS2398 A4 R6)] [MGK]
-----. Letter to [Charles Warren Stoddard] from Rome, Italy. (31 [!] November 1873): 2 p. [Addressed: Dear Charley.] [Huntington Library, U.6 B10 L.F., HM 11253.] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Mr. [Clovelen?] from Oxford, England. University of Virginia. [WC].
“Miller explains his delay in publishing a book, mentioning that he is busy with
his autobiography, noting that another book was not well received and that American publishers pay starvation royalties” [WC] [MCK]
Witt, Isaac N. Letter to Minnie Myrtle from Liberty, Indiana (4 July 1873). [BB] [MGK]
Clemens, Samuel L. (Mark Twain) Letter to Joaquin Miller from England (11 June 1873) [UCCL] Letter on file at [UOV] [MGK]
-----. Letter to Joaquin Miller. (1, 2, 5 July 1873) [UCCL]. July 1 and 2 on file at [UOV], July 5 on file at [ESR] [MGK]

Bibliography: Printable

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