Miller, Joaquin. Columbus. In Paths and Pathfinders. Rev. John A. O'Brien. Chicago: Scott, Foresman, and Company. Cathedral Basic Reader Edition. 1946. 60-61. [MGK]
-----. Columbus. In Poetry Society of America Anthology. 1946. 153-154. [OAK] [MGK]
-----. Columbus. For voice and piano. J. J. Miller. (22 March 1946) [MGK]
Atherton, Gertrude Franklin (Horn). “Cincinnatus Heine Miller.” In My San Francisco: A Wayward Biography. Indianapolis and New York: Bobbs-Merrill. 1946. 334 pp. 102-103. [OAK] [RCL] [JGK] pp. 31, 42, and 90. [MGK] [PSU and WC: 102-103, 42-43, 90, 102-103] [MCK]
Atherton sums up Miller’s life as follows:
“Cincinnatus Heine Miller . . . led a roving life during his early manhood, but in 1863 became owner and editor of the Democratic Register in Eugene, Oregon. It was during this period that he so warmly defended the Mexican bandit Joaquin Murietta that he was nicknamed ‘Joaquin’ and liked it so well that he later adopted it as his pen name. The Register was suppressed by the United States Government during the Civil War because of his support of the Confederacy. For a time he practiced law and published several volumes of poems, Songs of the Sierras meeting with instant success. But he was still something of an outcast, not only because of Confederate sympathies but on account of his personal eccentricities, and he decided to try his luck in England. There he became the lion of the season. London was often unappreciative of Americans who were too much like themselves (or tried to be) - but here was the real thing! A genuine product of the wild and woolly West, with his chaps and sombrero which he wore on all occasions, indoors and out, and always willing to delight them at any moment by reciting his poems with such dramatic effect that comedians of the theater trembled for their laurels. London set its seal upon Joaquin not only as ‘the greatest personality that had ever visited them’ but a genius of the first order, and his poems outsold the ‘penny dreadfuls.’
When he returned to the United States he settled in Oakland, California, and built himself a house which he named ‘The Hights’ (his eccentricities including spelling).
As to the worth of his prolific pen I quote from a speech delivered by William A. Morgan on Treasure Island, during the Exposition there, on June 13, 1939. ‘This unique personality introduced beauty and daring into American literature. He did not subject his work to meticulous discipline either in thought or expression, but he was a great literary trail blazer. In some of his best efforts, as in his “Columbus,” he reached great heights both in dramatic beauty and in verve of expression.’
In 1898 he was elected a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. He died in 1913.” (102-103).
Later, she describes a benefit performance for Ina Coolbrith at the Fairmont Hotel where “Joaquin Miller was the star performer. In top boots, lace tie, flowing white locks, and a long white beard, he recited his poem ‘Columbus’ with such dramatic fire that when he finished the audience stood up and shouted” (90).
Walsh, Harry L. HALLOWED WERE THE GOLD RUSH TRAILS. University of Santa Clara Press 1946 p.? [DF] [MGK]
Bierce, Ambrose. “THE MORMON QUESTION By J-QU-N M-LL-R.” Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce. New York & Washington: The Neale Publishing Company. Introduction by Clifton Fadiman. 1946. (See also 1909 and 1952) [MCK]
Gregory, Horace and Marya Zaturenska. “Joaquin Miller.” In History of American Poetry, 1900-1940. New York: Harcourt Brace and Co. 1946. p. 45-50. [OAK] [RCL] [MGK]
Meany, Edmond. History of the State of Washington. New York: Macmillan Company, 1946. 412pp. [WC] [Also published in previous years and 1950]
Miller, Juanita. About “The Hights,” Joaquin Miller Park, Then and Now with Juanita
of the Woods. 18th Edition. Oakland: Tooley-Towne, 1946 [PMC] [OAK] [WC] [MGK] [MCK]
“Joaquin Miller in 1875.” Oakland Tribune. Knave section (31 March 1946) [OAK] [MGK]
Corning, Howard McKinley, [Oregon poet]. “Joaquin Miller: Lawyer, Poet, Judge in Canyon City.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 47.2 (June 1946): 165-180. [OAK] [CAL] [MGK] [MCK] [RCL: Describes and quotes extensively from the contents of four ledgers kept by Miller while he lived in Canyon City, Oregon. Ledgers contain accounts of Miller’s legal activities and copies of his early poems, many of which were later revised for publication.] [Miller had given the ledgers to Herbert Cooper Thompson and they were later donated to the historical society.] [Howard McKinley Corning wrote a poem, Joaquin Miller Crosses The Mountains which was on pp. 17-23 in Miller’s A Royal Highway of the World 1932.] [MGK]
“Joaquin Miller Birthplace.” Oakland Tribune. Knave section, (2 June 1946) [OAK]
Marker has been erected near cabin in which he was born. Gives birth date as 10 November 1841 [Correctly 1840] [MGK]
Lockley, Fred. “Fred Lockley’s Impressions.” [The life of George Miller of course includes references to Joaquin.] Portland, Oregon. Sunday (1 December 1946) [LHM] [MGK]
Ledgers 4, 5, 6 and 7, 1864-1869. Oregon Historical Society Library.
“These include financial records, manuscript copy for Specimens and Joaquin et
al., speeches and reflections” [FST 132] [MCK]